Plant Guide to Bright Angel Trail
Grand Canyon National Park

Including Pictures of Most Species

(Click on pictures to get the species information pages)

Introduction and Explanation of Plant Trail Guides

Highlights of This Trail
Fieldwork Dates and Summary of List Changes With Time
The Plant Guide
     Key to Plant Guide Information
     Introduction To The Linked Species Pages


This plant guide has been updated from the field work on 4-6 May 2008, 22 August 2008, 24 April 2009, 3 September 2013, 23 August 2016, 27-28 August 2019, and 26-27 September 2021, as well as from iNaturalist observations through 2019, but the text of this page has not yet been updated for the numerous additions found in this later fieldwork and at iNat.

See also iNaturalist observations for the Bright Angel Trail from the Rim to Indian Gardens. Note that there is no guarantee that any identification at iNat is correct, whether it is "Research Grade" or not. Most are correct, but many are not.

Because the locations of Argemone arizonica are obscured at iNat, they won't show up in the above link. I've made separate links to all the iNat observations of this species here.

Although the following text in the Introduction, Highlights, and Fieldwork Dates has not been updated since 2007, the plant guide has been regularly updated, and is current through 2021

This is a preliminary plant trail guide to the Bright Angel Trail to mile 3.7, resulting from just two days of field work on 5-6 September 2007 in a drought year. It is therefore undoubtedly incomplete, especially for annuals and perennials, missing a number of such species that are seen only in wetter years or earlier in the year. However, it should be fairly complete for the larger shrubs and trees on the trail.

A plant trail guide gives the location of the first occurrence of every taxon (species and subspecies) found on the trail, as well as an estimate of the abundance of each taxon. It enables a botanist to know exactly where to find a given species, and gives the identification for species seen as one hikes along a trail. It is much more useful in the field than a traditional plant list by family, since the plants are seen in the trail in the order of the plant trail guide, and one doesn't have to figure out the determination from a large plant list by family.

In this plant trail guide, the common name of nearly every species is linked to a separate webpage that shows photographs taken on 5-6 September 2007. For most taxa, these photographs serve as vouchers for my determinations, allowing botanists to confirm or question my determinations. ☺

The photographs also enable armchair botanists to take a virtual tour through all the species seen those days on the trail.

Since most species were not in bloom then, the photographs in general don't look anything like the pretty pictures of flowers shown in most field guides. However, this more nearly reflects what the plants look like most of the year, and hence may actually be more beneficial for most botanists trying to identify the species on the trail.

Since I am a botanist, the photographs were taken with identification of the species in mind. Almost every species has at least one picture with an object in it that can be used as a scale to make good measurements of the lengths of the parts needed for identification. Objects used for scale are: my fingers (widths ~ 18 mm = 0.7 inches) or my thumb (width ~23 mm = 0.9 inches; thumbnail width ~16 mm = 0.6 inches); my GPS receiver (11.0 cm long x 5.2 cm wide = 4.3 x 2.0 inches); or my backpack (15 inches tall x 16.5 inches wide x ~10 inches deep = 38 x 42 x 25 cm).

As far as possible (I'd only seen fewer than half the species before), I used my knowledge of what characteristics are usually used to distinguish each species, and targeted those with my photographs. The discriminating characteristics vary tremendously between genera and families, and can range from the branching habit at the base of the plant, the characteristics of the underneath or shape or hairs of the leaf, to properties of the twigs. Sometimes, botanists even use the characteristics of the flowers, even though it often doesn't seem like it when photographers send pictures to botanists to be identified! ☺

Of course, some species do not have their identifying characteristics on display in September, so not all species will have those characteristics photographed.

Important Caveats:

Many of the determinations were based on a reasonable guess as to the correct species, or by my keying of the plants among species unfamiliar to me, or by my assuming that, if the Grand Canyon flora only lists one possible determination, then that determination is the correct one. I note that the latter approach would have resulted in an erroneous determination for Polygonum arenastrum if I had not been able to explicitly key out that species, and interested in doing so.

A key is a horrible way to identify species outside the hands of someone very familiar with a given flora. For example, only through the use of a key could an elephant be keyed as a "mouse", since keys often depend on subtle features in order to reliably discriminate species. But a key is the best means we have for discriminating species, and they work well if one is familiar with most of the species in the key. An expert in the plants of Arizona would be far less likely to make a bonehead mistake in keying out plants than an Arizona novice like me.

The reader may be amused to know that most botanists do not identify plants in the field when they are working on the flora of an area except possibly for the most common or unique species. Instead, they collect specimens, which are then pressed and dried. The specimens are then taken to a herbarium that has similar samples of all the possible identifications that have been determined by experts in those taxa. The specimens are directly compared, with the aid of a key and a microscope, to the labeled herbarium specimens to get the determination. (By the way, botanical keys are almost always made from, and for, pressed and dried specimens, which is definitely a problem at times in keying live plants.)

I collected no specimens; all my determinations have been made from my photographs and field observations. (Note that taking anything from Grand Canyon National Park is prohibited unless you have a permit to do so in your possession.) Hence the likelihood of a misdetermination is much higher than determinations made from specimens.

I would greatly appreciate it if anyone who spots a mistake, or even questions a determination, would contact me so mistakes can be corrected. Additions to the guide are welcome as well, especially if documented by photographs and good locations.

In fact, if you are familiar with the species on this trail, I'd appreciate you taking a look at one species that I wasn't able to identify in its September form. This species seemed distinctive enough that I should have been able to get its determination, but I couldn't. It is: unk herb resembling Epilobium in CA, similar to Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida but with clasping leaves at mile 2.20. There are a few other unknowns that someone who is very familiar with the Grand Canyon flora might be able to recognize, but most of them will have to await springtime observations.

My determinations would not have been possible without the excellent resources available that I consulted. Many people have worked on the Grand Canyon Flora, collecting specimens, curating the specimens in herbaria, reviewing the determinations of those specimens, making the information from specimens available online, taking photographs and identifying the plants in those photographs, writing books, and synthesizing the available information in keys and floras. I am deeply grateful to all those people. I especially thank Lori Makarick, who provided the latest Grand Canyon Park Plant Checklist as well as a list of 35 species known to occur on the Bright Angel Trail. That list was helpful in quickly getting the proper determination for several species.

A reference page gives the taxa found on this trail in traditional family order. For each taxon, that page links to online references and gives detailed references to printed reference material.

A list of just the species with species pages is given here: Bright Angel Trail and South Kaibab Trail: Checklist of Species With Pictures.

Highlights of This Trail

Nearly everything was pretty exciting to me, since this was the first time I've seriously botanized anyplace outside of southern California. The following describes only a small number of the highlights of this trail.

Fieldwork Dates and Summary of List Changes With Time

The following table gives the dates the trail was walked and taxa recorded. After each visit, the table gives the total number of taxa on the list and the breakdown of the taxa without positive identification. See Explanation of Plant Trail Guides to understand the symbols below.

Visit DateVisit ## taxa# "?"# "sp"# "~"# "ssp"

The fieldwork on 9/5/07 was to the 1.5 mile resthouse at mile 1.58; the fieldwork on 9/6/07 was to mile 3.73.

We thank Denise Hudson for help with the fieldwork on 5 May 2008.

We thank Adrienne Ballwey and Mike Crouse for help with the survey of the first 0.80 miles on 3 September 2013.

The Plant Guide

Three genera with species that are difficult to properly determine have multiple species each claimed to be on this trail, not all of which are given in the Guide. See Family Order Flora of the Upper Bright Angel Trail: Notes On Some Problematic Taxa.

Key to Plant Guide Information

Mile: It is like a car odometer. Mile 0.00 includes all mileages from 0.000 to 0.009; 0.01 includes all mileages from 0.010 to 0.019, etc. 0.01 mile is 18 yards = 53 feet, about 18-20 normal-size paces.

Note that species separated by a difference of 0.01 mile in the guide could actually be fairly close together, with the odometer "rolling over" between them. Example: one species is at 1.599 miles, reported as 1.59 miles in the guide, and the next species is at 1.601 miles, reported as 1.60 miles in the guide. The species are actually just 0.002 miles = 10 feet apart. They could also be almost 0.02 miles apart. Example: one species is at 1.601 miles and the next is at 1.619 miles.

The mileage is incredibly accurate in this guide. The Bright Angel Trail is, as far as I know, the most-accurately surveyed trail in the world. See Pedometer Accuracy. In the plant guide here, I have tied all my pedometer readings to the Control Points (CP in the guide below) from the Bradford Washburn et al publication referenced in that webpage. All the reported elevations also come from that publication.

Since most people walk without a pedometer or a GPS to give them their rough mileage, enough landmarks are included in the guide that it is not necessary to pay much attention to the mileage. It is mainly useful in telling the reader when there are long intervals without new species, or when new species come fast and furious.

Note that GPS receivers are almost useless in some parts of the trail, due to satellite signals reflected from the abundant rocks (multipath problem) and/or low sky visibility. Be very wary about believing the trip mileage given by a GPS receiver.

S: Side of trail on which the first occurrence is found: left, right, both, or center

#: On-trail species are numbered in order of first occurrence on trail (easily touchable from the trail). Off-trail species are in parentheses.

id?: Species without an entry in this column are quite confidently identified. "?" means I am just guessing the identification; "sp" means the genera is probably known, but the species name is uncertain even when a potential species name is given in the guide; "~" means I have roughly 95% confidence that this is the determination, but have not yet positively identified it; "ssp" means the subspecies or variety needs to be determined.

(*)Common Name: An asterisk before the common name indicates a species that is non-native to the Grand Canyon, and hence should not be here. The Common Name is linked to a separate page for each species giving photographs and further information about some species. The Common Name in many cases has been taken from my southern California database for expediency. If you know of a better common name used at the Grand Canyon, please let me know.

Note that common names are not standardized, and more than one taxa can have the same common name.

Scientific Name: This is the name used to uniquely identify a species by botanists, which enables one to confidently look up more information about each species. The names in this guide have been made consistent with those used by iNaturalist as of 12 September 2021. Scientific names have been changing furiously in the last several years at iNat, so some names may have been updated since 12 September 2021. Fortunately, iNat retains knowledge of previous names, so you can still search for an older name there.

The separate linked pages for some species still are in the system of the latest Grand Canyon flora online. Synonyms (older, newer, or alternate Scientific Names) are given in the page linked to the common name, usually via the USDA Plants link.

#Plants: This gives the minimum number of on-trail plants of this species on this trail, with the number of locations on this trail following the /, using maximum values of 99/9. A value of 1/1 means I only found a single plant in a single location in the entire trail; 10/9 means 10 plants occurring in at least 9 locations, etc. Very common taxa are generally given as 50/9 or 99/9, with the 99/9 species being significantly more abundant than the 50/9 species.

Introduction To The Linked Species Pages

Many species in the plant trail guide have additional information given on a separate page that is linked from the Common Name field below. The additional information includes:

Characteristics: This section begins with Identification status, which gives a discussion of how confident I am in the determination. The identification and other characteristics of each species are discussed. The explicit keying is given in some cases.

Some species have additional discussion about the species in the Grand Canyon and/or elsewhere.

The information given in the guide below about the location and number of plants is repeated on each species page.

Unfortunately, due to the amount of time it took me to make a full species page, some species have just the pictures and reference information on the species pages, without the additional information mentioned above.

Pictures: Pictures of each species taken on the Bright Angel Trail are presented, often with the identification characteristics explicitly pointed out.

References: References are given to 13 sources, including links to online references and page numbers for printed references.

Other pages with links to pictures and descriptions of these species

Version for printing, without lines and other text on this page: html (8 pages) or pdf Clickbook booklet (2 double-sided pages). (See printing instructions for an explanation of these options)

MileS#id?(*)Common NameScientific Name#Pls
0.00Begin guide at signed Trailhead north of West Rim Drive bus stop, north of the mule corral; CP "S. Rim", elevation 6845 feet (2086 m), in Kaibab Limestone, thickness 350 feet here
0.00b1two-needle pinyon pinePinus edulis50 / 9
0.00l2pinyon pine dwarf-mistletoeArceuthobium divaricatum2 / 2
0.00b3desert gooseberryRibes velutinum99 / 9
0.00b4whisky currantRibes cereum var. pedicellare99 / 9
0.00b5hoary-asterDieteria canescens50 / 9
0.00b6Wright's thelypodyThelypodium wrightii10 / 3
0.00r7*common mallowMalva neglecta10 / 2
0.00b8*downy bromeBromus tectorum99 / 9
0.00r9Gambel oakQuercus gambelii50 / 9
0.00b10smooth spreading four o'clockMirabilis oxybaphoides50 / 9
0.00r11*knotweedPolygonum arenastrum5 / 2
0.00r12*herb sophiaDescurainia sophia99 / 9
0.00r13*crossflowerChorispora tenella99 / 9
0.00r14common pepper-grassLepidium densiflorum5 / 1
0.00b15threadleaf common rabbitbrushEricameria nauseosa var. oreophila50 / 9
0.00r16snowberrySymphoricarpos rotundifolius99 / 9
0.00r17perennial rock-cressBoechera perennans40 / 9
0.00r18*curveseed butterwortCeratocephala testiculata99 / 9
0.00b19Powell's amaranthAmaranthus powellii20 / 2
0.00r20Utah service-berryAmelanchier utahensis99 / 9
0.00l21Utah juniperJuniperus osteosperma20 / 9
0.01rSign: "Mesozoic Rock Formations / Kaibab Limestone"
0.01l22*Russian thistleSalsola tragus20 / 3
0.02b23*tumbling oracleAtriplex rosea40 / 2
0.02l24*tumble pigweedAmaranthus albus5 / 2
0.02b25matchweedGutierrezia sarothrae5 / 2
0.02r26littleleaf globe mallowSphaeralcea parvifolia30 / 9
0.02l27~prairie sunflowerHelianthus petiolaris1 / 1
0.02l28*horehoundMarrubium vulgare20 / 5
0.03l29fern bushChamaebatiaria millefolium20 / 9
0.03r(California brickellbush, Brickellia californica)
0.03b30*foxtail barleyHordeum murinum99 / 9
0.04r31*Klamath pepper-grassLepidium perfoliatum99 / 9
0.04b32California brickellbushBrickellia californica99 / 9
0.04rJct. path from Kolb Studio
0.05r33slender wheatgrassElymus trachycaulus50 / 9
0.05r34squirreltailElymus elymoides30 / 9
0.05r35*catnipNepeta cataria20 / 3
0.05r36Palmer's penstemonPenstemon palmeri10 / 2
0.05r37silver wormwoodArtemisia ludoviciana99 / 9
0.05r38Virginia creeperParthenocissus inserta1 / 1
0.05rSign: "Bright Angel Trail and Grand Canyon Information"
0.05r39Arizona thistleCirsium arizonicum30 / 9
0.05Switchback left
0.06r40*London rocketSisymbrium irio10 / 3
0.08rSign: "When mules pass"
0.08r41Fremont's goosefootChenopodium fremontii20 / 5
0.08r(mutton grass, Poa fendleriana)
0.09l42beautiful aster Eurybia glauca pulchra99 / 9
0.09l43Grand Canyon rock-daisyPerityle congesta50 / 9
0.09r44mutton grassPoa fendleriana99 / 9
0.10l45creeping barberryBerberis repens20 / 5
0.12l46Grand Canyon GoldenweedEricameria arizonica20 / 8
0.13(View ahead of bonsai Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa, and two-needle pinyon pine, Pinus edulis, on top of ridge with tunnel)
0.14r(pallid hoptree, Ptelea trifoliata ssp. pallida)
0.14r47pungent rabbitbrushEricameria nauseosa var. graveolens1 / 1
0.15r48big sagebrushArtemisia tridentata30 / 9
0.15First Tunnel; Indian pictographs on rim far above trail can be seen after the tunnel
0.15l(Mojave prickly-pear, Opuntia polyacantha var. erinacea)
0.15r(green ephedra, Ephedra viridis; Kaibab century plant, Agave utahensis var. kaibabensis; desert prickly-pear, Opuntia phaeacantha; far off-trail: rock spiraea, Petrophytum caespitosum)
0.16b49beaked penstemonPenstemon rostriflorus10 / 5
0.16l50Fendler's meadow-rueThalictrum fendleri55 / 9
0.16r51flatspine stickseedLappula occidentalis var. occidentalis30 / 9
0.17l52Wright's bedstrawGalium wrightii2 / 2
0.20l53fragrant snakerootAgeratina herbacea30 / 5
0.20r(shrubby cream bush, Holodiscus dumosus )
0.21r54pallid hoptreePtelea trifoliata ssp. pallida50 / 9
0.22l55alfalfaMedicago sativa1 / 1
0.23rSign: "Do not attempt to hike to the bottom and back in one day…"
0.23Switchback left at ridge, then S curve in trail
0.23r56shepherd's purseCapsella bursa-pastoris10 / 3
0.23r57black sagebrushArtemisia novax / 1
0.25l(banana yucca, Yucca baccata; Cooper’s rubberweed, Hymenoxys cooperi; southern mountain phlox, Phlox austromontana)
0.25l58rock whitefeatherIvesia arizonica arizonica40 / 2
0.25r59Utah fendlerbushFendlerella utahensis1 / 1
0.26l60wallflowerErysimum capitatum var. purshii5 / 3
0.26l61*annual blue grassPoa annua1 / 1
0.27l62Cooper’s rubberweedHymenoxys cooperi5 / 2
0.28r(Apache plume, Fallugia paradoxa)
0.29Cross Bright Angel Fault onto Toroweap Redbeds, thickness 250 feet here
0.29l(Rocky Mountain Douglas fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca)
0.30l63Munz's bedstrawGalium munzii ssp. ambivalens40 / 9
0.30l64coral bellsHeuchera rubescens7 / 4
0.30l65Drummond's false pennyroyalHedeoma drummondii1 / 1
0.30l66~Aspen onionAllium bisceptrum var. palmeri5 / 1
0.33b67Simpson's buckwheatEriogonum microthecum var. simpsonii50 / 9
0.33r68Indian ricegrassEriocoma hymenoides40 / 9
0.34r69green ephedraEphedra viridis50 / 9
0.36l70cliffrosePurshia stansburyana20 / 9
0.36l71Basin butterweedPackera multilobata3 / 2
0.36l72*Bermuda grassCynodon dactylon5 / 1
0.36r73yellow spiny daisyXanthisma gracilex / 1
0.37b74~slender cryptanthaCryptantha gracilis20 / 3
0.38r75Rocky Mountain Douglas firPseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca10 / 3
0.39l76sticky snakeweedGutierrezia microcephala30 / 9
0.39r77freckled milk-vetchAstragalus lentiginosus var. diphysus1 / 1
0.39l78Martin's paintbrushCastilleja chromosa3 / 1
0.39b79Fremont barberryBerberis fremontii10 / 9
0.40Switchback right; CP #1, elevation 6630 feet (2021 m). In a short distance on the side trail is narrow phacelia, Phacelia filiformis; spiny greasebush, Glossopetalon spinescens var. aridum; and a different Castilleja sp.
0.41l80sand dropseedSporobolus cryptandrus10 / 1
0.41r81*smooth bromeBromus inermis99 / 9
0.43l82banana yuccaYucca baccata45 / 9
0.43r(Eaton's penstemon, Penstemon eatonii ssp. undosus)
0.44r83desert prickly-pearOpuntia phaeacantha5 / 5
0.44r84rose heathChaetopappa ericoides20 / 6
0.50Cross Bright Angel Fault back onto Kaibab Limestone
0.51r85Fendler bushFendlera rupicola40 / 9
0.54r86shrubby cream bushHolodiscus dumosus10 / 3
0.54l(claret cup, Echinocereus triglochidiatus)
0.55l(blue elderberry, Sambucus cerulea)
0.55r(Richardson's brome, Bromus richardsonii)
0.55rContact between the Kaibab and Toroweap Formations
0.58r87wild candytuftNoccaea fendleri8 / 3
0.58r88trailing fleabaneErigeron flagellaris30 / 9
0.59r89Eaton's penstemonPenstemon eatonii ssp. undosus20 / 9
0.59r(*common mullein, Verbascum thapsus)
0.60l90~blue elderberrySambucus cerulea1 / 1
0.61l91~narrow-leaf four o'clockMirabilis linearis2 / 1
0.63r92scrambled eggsCorydalis aurea5 / 2
0.64r93southern mountain phloxPhlox austromontana10 / 5
0.66r~(spike-moss, Selaginella mutica)
0.70lJct. use path
0.71lJct. use path
0.72rKolb Seep Springs
0.72r94~curly dockRumex crispus1 / 1
0.73Switchback left; CP #2, elevation 6364 feet (1940 m)
0.8095*wild alyssumAlyssum simplexiN / 1
0.80l96spiny greasebushGlossopetalon spinescens var. aridum20 / 9
0.86l97Knowlton hop hornbeamOstrya knowltonii30 / 9
0.87Second Tunnel, through hardened Bright Angel Fault, CP "Tunnel (#2)", elevation 6248 feet (1904 m). Cross into Coconino Sandstone, thickness 350 feet here
0.89lGrand Canyon rock-daisy, Perityle congesta, with ovate leaves (earlier plants had narrowly-elliptic leaves)
98velvety goldenrodSolidago velutina5 / 2
0.90Switchback right; CP #3, elevation 6218 feet (1895 m). Begin series of short switchbacks
0.90l(virgin's bower, Clematis ligusticifolia; birchleaf buckthorn, Frangula obovata, in distance)
0.96Switchback left
0.98l99birchleaf buckthornFrangula obovata2 / 2
0.98l100virgin's bowerClematis ligusticifolia5 / 2
0.98Switchback right; CP #4, elevation 6153 feet (1875 m)
0.98l(Kaibab century plant, Agave utahensis var. kaibabensis)
1.01Trail curves right 90°.
1.05Switchback left
1.08Switchback right; CP #5, elevation 6073 feet (1851 m); cross into Hermit Shale, thickness 300 feet here, just below this point
1.12b101trumpet gooseberryRibes leptanthum50 / 9
1.12Switchback left
1.16Switchback right; CP #6, elevation 6007 feet (1831 m)
1.17r102skunkbushRhus aromatica20 / 6
1.17rCheck for Thelypodium integrifolium (sepals erect in bloom, not spreading)
1.20Switchback left.
1.24Switchback right; CP #7, elevation 5946 feet (1812 m)
1.27Cross drainage
1.27rRibes leptanthum (on left, white flowers) and R. velutinum (on right, yellow flowers) side by side.
1.27r103narrow-leaved miner's lettuceClaytonia parviflora ssp. utahensis99 / 9
1.30Switchback left; CP #8, elevation 5900 feet (1798 m)
1.30rJct. use path
1.31Switchback right.
1.33r104barestem larkspurDelphinium scaposum10 / 5
1.35rJct. two use paths
1.42l105?western wheatgrassElymus smithii3 / 1
1.46106Arizona prickly poppyArgemone arizonica6 / 2
1.47r107fragrant ashFraxinus cuspidata30 / 9
1.48Trail bends right 90°; CP #9, elevation 5780 feet (1762 m)
1.51r108gooseberryleaf globemallowSphaeralcea grossulariifolia50 / 9
1.53l(closest Kaibab century plant, Agave utahensis var. kaibabensis)
1.54r(spike-moss, Selaginella mutica)
1.55Trail curves right at ridge
1.57r109tidy fleabaneErigeron concinnus50 / 9
1.58110squirreltail barleyHordeum jubatumiN / 1
1.58r1.5 mile Resthouse; CP "(1.5 mile) resthouse", elevation 5714 feet (1742 m)
1.58r111western redbudCercis orbiculata3 / 3
1.59Cross drainage
1.60r112Mojave prickly-pearOpuntia polyacantha var. erinacea3 / 3
1.62rJct. short trail to the 1.5 mile restrooms; switchback left; CP #10, elevation 5692 feet (1735 m)
1.64Cross drainage again; Indian pictographs above the trail somewhere before 2 mile corner
1.64l113common mulleinVerbascum thapsus2 / 1
1.68Cross into Supai Group, thickness 950 feet here
1.70Trail curves left 90°; CP #11, elevation 5644 feet (1720 m)
1.71b114longleaf brickellbushBrickellia longifolia99 / 9
1.77"Shade View" - overhanging boulders giving shade with a great view.
1.77115Bigelow sagebrushArtemisia bigeloviiiN / 2
1.80Trail curves left 90°; CP #12, elevation 5582 feet (1701 m)
1.81l116spike-mossSelaginella mutica1 / 1
1.91Long switchback right at main drainage; CP #13, elevation 5518 feet (1682 m)
1.91l(Check for bush peavine, Lathyrus brachycalyx ssp. zionis)
1.93l117single-leaf ashFraxinus anomala10 / 5
1.95l118greenstem paperflowerPsilostrophe sparsiflora5 / 2
1.95l119narrow phaceliaPhacelia filiformis20 / 3
1.95l120Clokey's gilia giliaGilia clokeyi2 / 2
1.95l121Utah penstemonPenstemon utahensis20 / 7
1.95r122James' galletaHilaria jamesii1 / 1
1.97123Utah fleabaneErigeron utahensisiN / 1
1.99r124~Mormon needlegrassEriocoma arida20 / 5
2.00l125*red bromeBromus rubens10 / 1
2.01Switchback right at 2 mile corner; CP #14, elevation 5443 feet (1659 m)
2.03l126giant four o'clockMirabilis multiflora20 / 5
2.04r127*ripgut bromeBromus diandrus30 / 9
2.05r128bush muhlyMuhlenbergia porteri10 / 2
2.10Long switchback left at red amphitheater in main drainage; CP #15, elevation 5407 feet (1648 m)
2.18r129~Parish needlegrassEriocoma parishii20 / 9
2.25Switchback left; CP #16, elevation 5305 feet (1617 m)
2.25rJct. with what looks like a previous segment of the Bright Angel Trail
2.33Switchback right; CP #17, elevation 5244 feet (1598 m)
2.39Switchback left; CP #18, elevation 5197 feet (1584 m)
2.42r130whitetop (removed by GC)Lepidium draba20 / 1
2.42r131Kaibab century plantAgave utahensis var. kaibabensis1 / 1
2.43l132black brushColeogyne ramosissima50 / 3
2.43Switchback right; CP #19, elevation 5165 feet (1574 m)
2.45133desert needlegrassPappostipa speciosaiN / 1
2.48Switchback left; CP #20, elevation 5133 feet (1565 m)
2.50r134hairy-podded pepper-grassLepidium lasiocarpum var. lasiocarpum20 / 5
2.52Switchback right; CP #21, 5097 feet (1554 m)
2.58Trail curves left 90° at side drainage; CP #22, 5056 feet (1541 m)
2.58r(bush peavine, Lathyrus brachycalyx ssp. zionis)
2.64l135shrub live oakQuercus turbinella10 / 2
2.68Switchback left, CP #23, elevation 4978 feet (1517 m)
2.68Confirmed location of Bigelow sagebrush, Artemisia bigelovii
2.69136Engelmann prickly-pearOpuntia engelmannii var. engelmanniiiN / 4
2.71Switchback right; CP #24, elevation 4955 feet (1510 m)
2.74137sacred daturaDatura wrightiiiN / 2
2.75Curve left 90°.
2.77l138Mojave woodyasterXylorhiza tortifolia20 / 9
2.77Curve right 90°.
2.78Switchback left, CP #25, elevation 4897 feet (1493 m)
2.84Switchback right at drainage; CP #26, elevation 4855 feet (1480 m)
2.90Curve right 90°.
2.90r139Torrey's milkvetchAstragalus calycosus10 / 1
2.91r140bush peavineLathyrus brachycalyx ssp. zionis2 / 1
2.95Curve left 90°.
3.01Jct. short path to 3 mile Resthouse; CP "(3 mile) Resthouse", elevation 4733 feet (1443 m). The following four species are found in the area just beyond the Resthouse:
--141slender lipfernMyriopteris gracilis2 / 1
--142mountain pepper-grassLepidium montanum7 / 2
--143western bernardiaBernardia incana4 / 3
--Many plants of black brush, Coleogyne ramosissima, found here
3.01r144needle & thread grassHesperostipa comata10 / 2
3.03Switchback left.
3.07l145netleaf hackberryCeltis reticulata1 / 1
3.10Switchback right; CP #27, elevation 4663 feet (1422 m); enter Redwall Limestone, thickness 450 feet here
3.12r146rose bladderpodPhysaria purpurea30 / 7
3.12rOnly location of mountain pepper-grass, Lepidium montanum, on trail proper
3.13Switchback left.
3.15Switchback right.
3.16Switchback left.
3.19l147rock spiraeaPetrophytum caespitosum50 / 2
3.19l148snapdragon vineMaurandya antirrhiniflora3 / 2
3.19lCheck unk perennial with lobed leaves like Artemisia ludoviciana
3.21Switchback right.
3.22Curve right 90°.
3.23Switchback left.
3.26Curve left 90°.
3.28149resin brittlebushEncelia resinifera30 / 7
3.29Switchback right at the closest part of the trail to the "Petrified Snow". CP #28, 4512 feet (1375 m)
3.30l150wire-lettuceStephanomeria pauciflora /
3.32Curve right 90°.
3.34Switchback left.
3.36Curve left 90°.
3.38Switchback right.
3.40Curve right 90°.
3.41Switchback left.
3.44Switchback right; CP #29, elevation 4396 feet (1340 m)
3.45Trail curves left 90° and crosses small drainage
3.46r151brownfootAcourtia wrightii2 / 2
3.46r152California hedge-parsleyYabea microcarpa2 / 1
3.46r153common bedstrawGalium aparine1 / 1
3.50Enter Temple Butte Limestone; thickness 35 feet here
3.51r154turpentine broomThamnosma montana13 / 3
3.51l155longleaf phloxPhlox longifolia30 / 9
3.52l156side-oats gramaBouteloua curtipendula50 / 9
3.59157nodding scorpionflowerPhacelia laxifloraiN / 1
3.61r158rush rabbitbrushEricameria nauseosa var. juncea40 / 9
3.61l159poison milkweedAsclepias subverticillata1 / 1
3.61l160winding mariposaCalochortus flexuosus10 / 2
3.61l161Patagonia plantainPlantago patagonica10 / 1
3.61l162red three-awnAristida purpurea var. longiseta10 / 2
3.62163Grand Canyon beavertailOpuntia basilaris var. longiareolataiN / 1
3.62Switchback right; CP #30, elevation 4255 feet (1297 m)
3.65164?unk spiny shrublike Prunus fremontii /
3.65lFirst location of western bernardia, Bernardia incana, on trail
3.65l165??Like a shrubby Artemisia ludoviciana with entire leaves /
3.69Long switchback left, cross good-sized side drainage; CP #31, elevation 4208 feet (1283 m); enter Muav Limestone, thickness 375 feet here. Below here, the trail is mostly on alluvial deposits, and the Muav Limestone and the Bright Angel Shale, thickness 350 feet, are not evident.
3.69lSecond location for Roaring Springs prickly-poppy, Argemone arizonica
3.70lCheck these plants to see if they are young fourwing saltbush
3.72l166Apache plumeFallugia paradoxa5 / 2
3.72b167desert trumpetEriogonum inflatum10 / 1
3.73r168fourwing saltbushAtriplex canescens5 / 1
3.74r169spBuckwheat with terminal inflEriogonum sp.x /
3.75r170wing-nut cryptanthaCryptantha pterocaryax /
3.75r171silver puffsUropappus lindleyi1 / 1
3.92Cross creekbed, with high-pressure water pipe elevated on left; CP #32, elevation 4093 feet (1248 m)
4.02172catclawSenegalia greggii50 / 3
4.09Curve left 90°, cross streambed, then turn right 90°; CP #33, elevation 4029 feet (1228 m)
4.10173blue gramaBouteloua gracilis30 / 3
4.12Switchback right (only ~90°)
4.36Cross creekbed; CP #34, elevation 3884 feet (1184 m)
4.40Sign: "Indian Gardens" (arrow pointing downhill)
4.41Sign: "The plants you see here are the living desert. They grow by the inch and die by the foot".
4.56174sacahuistaNolina microcarpa3 / 1
4.59175common reedPhragmites australisiN /
4.59176Fremont cottonwoodPopulus fremontiiiN /
4.59177Canyon wild grapeVitis arizonicaiN /
4.60178broom baccharisBaccharis sarothroidesiN / 1
4.62179silverleaf nightshadeSolanum elaeagnifoliumiN / 3
4.65lIndian Gardens Resthouse
4.66180narrowleaf willowSalix exiguaiN /
4.66181water cressNasturtium officinaleiN /
4.68lJct. Plateau Point Trail; end Plant Trail Guide
Additional species in Indian Gardens area off-trail
IG182mule fatBaccharis salicifoliaiN / 1
IG183*Japanese chessBromus japonicusiN / 1
IG184sturdy sedgeCarex almaV /
IG185froststem suncupChylismia multijugaV /
IG186bigleaf marsh-elderIva frutescensV /
IG187*tall fescueLolium arundinaceumV /
IG188American tuleSchoenoplectus americanusiN / 1
Species only present off-trail are listed again here
0.13189ponderosa pinePinus ponderosa /
0.54l190claret cupEchinocereus triglochidiatus /
0.55r191fringed bromeBromus richardsonii /

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Copyright © 2007-2022 by Tom Chester, Anne Kelly, Kate Watters, Lauren Berutich and Brendan Crill.
Permission is freely granted to reproduce any or all of this page as long as credit is given to us at this source:
Comments and feedback: Tom Chester
Updated 10 September 2022 (Gilia ophthalmoides changed to G. clokeyi on 11 May 2023).